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All Terrain Vehicles

Rules of The Road - Know Where To Ride

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The Greater Sudbury Police Service has purchased All Terrain Vehicles (ATV, side-by-side or UTVs) to conduct patrols in an effort to decrease the number of ATV, side-by-side or UTV-related injuries and deaths in the region. The following information is designed to assist ATV, side-by-side or UTV owners in understanding what the rules are and how to ride safely.


Where to Ride

There are three places you are permitted to ride in Greater Sudbury:

  1. On private land with the property owner's permission.
  2. On crown land.
  3. On municipal roads permitted by the Sudbury ATV by-law.

Bylaw 2015-158

Definitions

  • ATV: has four wheels (all of which contact the ground), is equipped with steering handlebars, a seat designed to be straddled by the driver, and is designed for a driver only and no passenger. Must weigh 450 kilograms or less and have an overall width not greater than 1.35 m excluding mirrors
  • Two-Up ATV:  an ATV designed and manufactured for a driver and passenger is defined as an Off-Road
    Vehicle (ORV) under the Off-Road Vehicles Act.
  • Side-by-side: a type of ORV that must have:
    • four or more wheels that contact the ground
    • a steering wheel
    • seats that are not designed to be straddled
    • has an engine displacement equal to or less than 1,000 cubic centimetres
    • a weight of 1,700 kilograms or less
    • an overall width of 2.03 metres or less (excluding mirrors)
    • a roll-over protective structure
    • a handle or device that an occupant can grasp
    • a seat belt for each seating position
    • a rear view mirror
  • UTVs: a type of ORV that must have:
    • four or more wheels that contact the ground
    • a steering wheel
    • seats that are not designed to be straddled
    • a minimum cargo capacity of 159 kilograms
    • a weight of 1,814 kilograms or less
    • an overall width of 2.03 metres or less (excluding mirrors)
    • an occupant protective structure
    • a handle or device that an occupant can grasp
    • a seat belt for each seating position
    • a rear view mirror

    All ORVs must display a manufacture compliance label in plain view.

    Please check your ORV's compliance label to ensure the manufacturer certifies it meets one of the standards for this type of ORV.

Rules of the Road

ATVs, Two-Up ATVs, Side-by-sides and UTVs are all permitted ORVs (Off Road Vehicle) for use under the following conditions.

Off-Road Use

  • Driver must be at least 12 years of age unless under the direct supervision of an adult.
  • Permitted ORV's must be registered and display a licence plate to the rear except in exempt areas such as far northern Ontario.
  • Permitted ORVs must be insured under a motor vehicle liability policy.
  • Driver and passenger must wear an approved motorcycle helmet that is securely fastened under the chin with a chin strap.
  •  Driver can directly cross a highway where permitted, provided the driver is at least 16 years of age and holds a valid driver's licence. A list of highways in Ontario where ATVs and Off-Road Vehicles (ORVs) are prohibited from crossing can be found in the Off-Road Vehicles Act, Ontario Regulation 863, Schedule 1.

 

On-Road Use

  • Prohibited from traveling on 400 series highways and some sections of the Trans-Canada Highway. Generally, they are allowed to travel on Highways 500 to 899, 7000 series highways and highways with low traffic volumes. Refer to the Highway Traffic Act, Regulation 316/03 for a complete list of permitted and prohibited highways.
  • An ATV, Two-Up ATV, Side-by-side or UTV that have the above features is prohibited from operating on a municipal road, unless the municipality has a bylaw permitting the use of these specific Off Road Vehicles.
  • Must be registered and insured as outlined in "Off-Road Use" section.
  • Driver must be at least 16 years of age and hold a valid G2/ M2 licence or greater.
  • Driver and Passenger(s) must wear an approved motorcycle helmet that is securely fastened under the chin with a chin strap.
  • Passengers are prohibited unless the ORV is designed by the manufacturer to carry a passenger or passengers. Number of passengers cannot exceed seating capacity of the ORV.
  • Driver must travel at speeds that are less than the posted speed limit. The maximum speed a permitted ORV can travel on roads with a limit of 50 km/hr or less is 20 km/hr, and the maximum speed on roads with a limit of more than 50 km/hr is 50 km/hr. Municipalities may set lower speed limits or additional rules for ATVs.
  •  A Permitted ORV must be driven in the same direction as traffic and travel on the shoulder of the road. If the shoulder is unsafe or impassable, it can be driven on the travelled portion of the road.
  •  A Permitted ORV travelling along a road must have its headlights and tail lights on.

 

Offense

Anyone caught operating on a roadway prohibited by by-law is subject to charges of unlawful driving ORV on a highway, and will receive a $110.00 fine.

 

Links of Interest

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