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Crime Analysis

Crime AnalysisWhat is a Crime and Intelligence Analyst?

Crime and Intelligence Analysts help predict and prevent crimes before they happen. They also study the relationships between criminals. The Crime and Intelligence Analyst reads police reports, enters the information into databases, analyzes it, and turns it into charts, graphs, and maps to give the best picture of what is occurring in the City of Greater Sudbury. The information is sent out to the officers regularly to ensure they are well-informed.

The core philosophy of the Greater Sudbury Police Service's Crime Analysis Unit is to obtain and analyze information to provide uniformed officers, criminal investigators, specialty units, and senior officers with proactive tactical, strategic, and administrative crime and intelligence analysis to aid in the prevention, suppression, and reduction in crime and the apprehension of offenders.

"Random patrols equals random results"

What does a Crime and Intelligence Analyst do?
The Crime and Intelligence Analyst identifies, analyzes, and finds solutions to crimes. He or she scrutinizes all crime data that enters the police service daily through crime/police reports. After examining the data, the Crime and Intelligence Analyst tracks the criminal activity in databases and by computer mapping software.

A few examples of duties of the Crime and Intelligence Analyst are the following:

  • Find and analyze crime patterns, trends, and series, and develop 1152637_91606882.jpgcorrelations between events
  • Analyze crime data to forecast the day, time, and place a crime is likely to occur to prevent it from happening
  • Create and publish daily and weekly Crime Reports for the Police Service
  • Utilize criminal histories, databases, the Internet, etc. to help investigators track down criminals
  • Forecast future police work volume to ensure the police service will have adequate staffing
  • Study crime and profile suspects
  • Perform geographic profiling
  • Create and disseminate maps depicting crime hot spots and aerial imaging using the latest mapping technology

The Crime Analysis Unit (CAU) is assigned to the Criminal Investigation Division of the Greater Sudbury Police Service. The CAU consists of one full-time Crime and Intelligence Analyst. This Analyst supports 265 sworn officers. The CAU performs all four types of crime analysis: tactical, strategic, administrative, and intelligence analysis.

Types of Crime Analysis

A Crime and Intelligence Analyst uses four types of analysis:

  • Tactical
  • Strategic
  • Administrative
  • Intelligence Analysis

What is Tactical Crime Analysis?
Tactical crime analysis concentrates on crimes that are an immediate threat to the community, such as robberies, break and enters, homicides, sexual assaults, etc., to promote a quick response. Information is provided to assist operational personnel in the identification of specific crime trends and in the arrest of criminal offenders.

The primary goal of tactical crime analysis is to identify crime trends and patterns/series. Tactical information links offender and crime information from a number of offenses in an attempt to provide investigative leads, help solve crimes, and clear cases after apprehension and arrests.

What is Strategic Crime Analysis?
Strategic crime analysis is used to make informed resource decisions to determine where police presence needs to be increased or decreased. It is concerned with operational strategies and seeks solutions to ongoing problems. It provides information for resource allocation purposes, including patrol scheduling and beat configuration.

The purpose of Strategic Crime Analysis is to identify unusual crime activities over certain levels or at different seasonal times, identify unusual community conditions, provide police service more effectively and efficiently by matching demands for service with service delivery, reduce and/or eliminate recurring problems, and assist in community policing or problem-oriented policing.

What is Administrative Crime Analysis?
Administrative crime analysis is used to provide special reports to chiefs of police and city councils that interpret crime statistics categorized by factors such as geographical locations and/or economical conditions. Tasks include providing economic, geographic, and law enforcement information to police management, city hall, city council, and neighborhood/citizen groups.

The purpose of administrative crime analysis is to provide direction for budgeting purposes, future patrol as well as public information.

What is Intelligence Analysis?

Intelligence Analysis is used to:

  • Study criminal relationships
  • Link and chart suspects to criminal organizations or events to determine the locations, time, persons involved, and crime
  • Focus on organized crime such as narcotics smuggling, money laundering, gangs, terrorism, and auto theft rings
  • Establish criminal profiles that include prior crimes and criminal relationships to aid in making a connection between members
    and the organization
  • Use investigative avenues to determine the size and location of criminal groups and individuals involved
  • Study the suspect's assets to determine the flow of money going in and coming from the targeted group